Oral Cavity Cancer

The area called the oral cavity; It includes the inside of the lips and cheeks, the teeth, the gums, the anterior 2/3 of the tongue, the floor of the mouth under the tongue, and the bony roof of the mouth.



These cancers occur more than twice in men than in women. They are most commonly seen on the tongue, gingiva and floor of the mouth. They appear on average in the 50s.


Risk factors


-Tobacco and alcohol use are the 2 strongest risk factors for oral cancers.

-Apart from these, HPV infection, gender,

-Ultraviolet rays, poor diet, low immune system, genetic syndromes and poor

-Oral hygiene are some risk factors.

-By avoiding risk factors, we are largely protected from oral cavity cancers.


Is Early Diagnosis Possible ?


There is no routine screening test or plan for lip cancers. Still, many cancers in these areas can be found early with a doctor, dentist, or self-exam. Especially if you are at higher risk for these cancers, the diagnosis is made by taking a biopsy from the risky area.


Symptom


-Long-term non-healing sores in the mouth.

-Lump or swelling inside the mouth.

-White or red patches inside the mouth.

-Weight loss.

-Disorder of jaw and tongue movements.

-Weight loss.

-Bad breath

-Difficulty chewing or swallowing.

-It is very important to consult a doctor or dentist if any of these conditions persist for more than 2 weeks.


Treatment


Depending on where the cancer is, different treatment methods can be used to eliminate the cancer. Surgery is often the first treatment used for these cancers. Surgery is often performed for early-stage cancers, those that are small and have not spread.


Radiotherapy uses high-energy x-rays or particles to destroy cancer cells or slow their growth rate. Radiation therapy can be used in many ways for oral cavity cancers. Some patients may need a combination of surgery and radiotherapy or a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Chemotherapy is the use of anti-cancer drugs to treat cancer. These drugs enter the bloodstream and reach cancers that have spread throughout the body.


Follow-up


It is very important to go to all your follow-up appointments after completing treatment, your doctor will ask questions about possible problems and examine you. Your doctor may also order lab tests or imaging tests.

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