What is Asthma ? What is Asthma Attack ? What is Asthma Treatment ?

Updated: Aug 27, 2021

What is Asthma and What Are Its Symptoms?

Asthma is a chronic (chronic) lung disease that causes narrowing of the intrapulmonary airways and progresses with exacerbations (attacks). This narrowing of the airways is caused by swelling of the airway wall due to a non-microbial type of inflammation. The disease manifests itself with symptoms such as recurrent shortness of breath, wheezing / wheezing / whistling sound that occurs when breathing, a feeling of pressure in the chest and coughing.

What is Asthma symptoms ? What is Asthma ? What is asthma attack ? What is asthma attack Treatment ?

How Common is Asthma?

It is estimated that there are approximately 300 million people with asthma in the world. In our country, approximately one in every 12-13 adults and one out of 7-8 children suffer from asthma. The incidence of asthma has been increasing over the years.

What Are the Risk Factors for Asthma?

Factors that contribute to the development of asthma are called risk factors. These risk factors can explain why asthma is seen in some individuals and not in others. These factors are in two groups, related to the person and the environment. Personal risk factors include heredity, genetic structure, gender and obesity. Environmental risk factors play a role in the occurrence and severity of asthma in hereditarily predisposed individuals. These are allergens, recurrent lung infections, exposure to cigarette smoke, some drugs, indoor and outdoor air pollution, and diet.

What is an Asthma Attack?

An asthma attack is defined as the appearance of increased shortness of breath, cough, wheezing or chest pressure in a patient with asthma, accompanied by drug-recoverable disorders in the pulmonary function test.

In Asthma Attack;

To correct the airway obstruction as soon as possible and return the respiratory functions to normal.

Correction of oxygen deficiency

Prevention of attacks that may occur later with patient education, appropriate and adequate preventive treatmentASTIM1

It is important to inform the patient about how the patient should behave in an attack, which drugs to use and when to apply to the hospital.

How is asthma diagnosed?

It is determined by examination and breath measurement tests performed in patients whose complaints are compatible with asthma.

Can Asthma Be Treated?

The aim of asthma treatment is to control the disease and maintain this condition. As in the world, all kinds of drugs and materials are available in our country for the treatment of this disease. With appropriate medication, asthmatics can continue their daily lives, including work and school, without any restrictions due to illness. Most of the asthma drugs are inhaled drugs and thus they create the desired therapeutic effect directly in the respiratory tract with fewer side effects. They are issued with special devices. At the beginning of treatment, patients should be shown how to use these special devices.

What is Asthma symptoms ? What is Asthma ? What is asthma attack ? What is asthma attack Treatment ?

What Does It Mean to Keep My Asthma Under Full Control?

A patient with asthma does not have daytime asthma, does not wake up at night due to asthma, does not need rapid-acting inhalers while using drugs that treat and control the disease, does not need rapid-acting inhalers. The fact that frequent breath measurement tests are normal and that he can do his daily work without

interruption indicates that the disease is under full control. shows.

Can The Disease Be Controlled in All Asthmatics?

Unfortunately, the number of patients whose asthma is completely under control is still not at the desired level both in the world and in our country. Currently, one in four asthmatics apply to the emergency department once a year because of an asthma exacerbation (attack). Factors that make asthma control difficult include not using drugs with the right technique and regularly, being exposed to triggers such as cigarette smoke, allergens and chemicals, and obesity. In our country, it has been reported that more than 10% of asthmatic patients are still smoking and 30-40% are obese. Studies have shown that quitting smoking and losing weight in ob

ese patients facilitate the control of asthma.

What is Asthma symptoms ? What is Asthma ? What is asthma attack ? What is asthma attack Treatment ?

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