What is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) ? How is ASD Diagnosed ? How is ASD Treated ?

1.What is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) ?

2.How is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Treated ?

3.How is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Diagnosed ?

4.What Should Be Done Prospectively in Patients With Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) ?


Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)


It is the name given to the opening in the wall between the atria of the heart. Therefore, some of the clean blood passes to the right heart. Depending on the increase in blood flow to the lungs, it may cause damage by causing enlargement of the pulmonary vessels and heart over the years.


What is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) ? How is ASD Treated ? How is ASD Diagnosed  ?

How is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Diagnosed ?


It usually does not give any symptoms for many years. In fact, there have been cases where the diagnosis could not be made until the age of 30-60 in people who did not go to the doctor much.


This disease is suspected only when a doctor is consulted for another reason, when a heart murmur and some additional sounds are heard or the size of the heart is seen on the X-ray.


Definitive diagnosis is made by examination and echocardiography performed by a pediatric cardiologist.


How is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) Treated ?


In the treatment of Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), the size of the hole determines the time of treatment. The openings in the pulmonary artery that do not close spontaneously and that are in danger of increasing pressure are usually closed at the age of 3-6 years, that is, before the child starts school.


What is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) ? How is ASD Treated ? How is ASD Diagnosed  ?

There is usually no problem during and after the surgery. A scar from the surgery remains in the middle of the chest. There are also different surgical options for this scar to be in less common places. In some patients, the method of closing the opening with a catheter is also applied. This cannot be applied to every patient, but it can be done if some measurements are appropriate.


What Should Be Done Prospectively in Patients With Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) ?


Children with Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) usually do not need protective treatment against endocarditis (inflammation of the inner layer of the heart) before some procedures such as surgery, circumcision, tooth extraction and filling, in the latest recommendation booklet of the American Society of Cardiology, unless there is an additional disease in the heart.


What is Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) ? How is ASD Treated ? How is ASD Diagnosed  ?

However, it is recommended that they receive preventive treatment for the first 6 months after surgery or catheterization. In order to be protected from unexpected complications, patients should be under the control of a doctor at intervals of about 1 year. Less frequently, this also applies to patients who have had surgery.



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