What Is Fungus Diseases ? What Are The Symptoms of Fungus Infection? How is Fungus Diseases Treated?

-What Is Fungus Diseases ?

-What Are The Symptoms of Fungus Infection ?

-What Are The Causes of Fungus Diseases ?

-How Are Fungus Diseases Diagnosed ?

-How is Fungus Diseases Treated ?

What Is Fungus Diseases ?

Superficial fungal diseases are contagious infections that occur on the surface of the skin. This infection can be found on the skin, hands, feet, hair, nails, genital area and beards in men. Dermatophyte infection is the most common fungal disease occurring on the skin surface. Dermatophytes invade keratinized tissues. For this reason, they cause disease in keratin tissues such as skin, hair and nails. Fungal diseases can be transmitted from humans, animals and soil. Fungus can negatively affect the life of the person in terms of aesthetics, as well as reduce the comfort of life of the person.

What Are The Symptoms of Fungus Infection ?

Fungal infection can settle in almost any part of the body. The most common symptom is itching. Where the fungus is located, that area itches. In cases where it affects the skin surface; flaking, red rashes and bumps, in hair fungus; may cause hair loss and baldness in the affected area. In nail fungus; white and yellow discoloration under the nail, thickening of the nail, genital area fungi; Symptoms include burning in urination and pain during sexual intercourse, and redness between the toes and bad odor in athlete's foot.

What Are The Causes of Fungus Diseases ?

Humidity is an important factor for fungus to cause disease. Very hot and humid weather, not paying attention to body cleaning, excessive sweating and not drying, preferring tight and synthetic clothes prepare a suitable ground for fungus. A weak immune system also increases the risk of contracting fungal diseases. Immune-suppressing drugs such as chemotherapy and cortisone treatments are also among the causes of fungus. It is important to comply with general and personal hygiene rules in preventing the spread of fungal diseases. Communal areas and the materials found there must be constantly disinfected in order to ensure the necessary hygiene. The fact that hairdressers and beauty salons and pools are not regularly disinfected in summer causes the fungal infection to spread easily.

How Are Fungus Diseases Diagnosed ?

Fungi can appear with different appearances and can be confused with other skin diseases. For this reason, the diagnosis of fungal diseases should be made by a dermatologist in accordance with the findings and the patient's history. It is useful to make a microscopic examination when diagnosing.

Hair fungus

It is the name given to the fungal infection that occurs on the scalp. It causes fine dandruff on the scalp on a pale red background. It forms round or oval patches, gray, dull-colored, broken hair is observed on the diseased area.

Beard and mustache mushroom

It is a fungal disease observed in the beard and mustache area in men. The most important cause of contamination is common shaving materials. It is necessary not to come into contact with the diseased area or to use the materials used in the diseased area.

Genital fungus

It is a fungal infection that occurs in the groin area. It is more common in men. The lesions are crescent-shaped with a raised, reddened appearance from the skin. Itching is the most common finding.

Athlete's foot

athlete's foot is the most common fungal infection. Humid environments are at the top of the factors in the formation of the disease. For this reason, it is common in summer and in tropical climates. The disease is more common in those who wear closed shoes for a long time, those whose feet sweat excessively, and those who work in wet environments. The use of common slippers or shoes causes the infection of foot fungus. There are 4 different types of foot fungus. Patients have one or more of these types together. Several types of fungi can be seen at the same time.

Body fungus

Fungal infection observed in other body parts except scalp, beard, hands, feet and genital areas is called body fungus. It can be transmitted by contact with the diseased area or by clothing that has been in contact with the diseased area. The resulting lesions are in the form of concentric rings in appearance.

Nail fungus

Fungal diseases of the nails are called 'onychomycosis'. It can be seen on the fingernails and toenails. There are 4 types of nail fungus.

1. It is the most common nail fungus. Infection begins as a whitish or brownish yellowish discoloration on the free tip or sides of the nail. As the infection progresses, thickening and nail disorder develops. If left untreated, the entire nail will be affected over time.

2. It appears as a rough and soft appearance with a white color with gray spots on the nail surface.

3. It is observed as whitish or white-brown areas at the bottom of the nail layer. It occurs more frequently in cases of immunodeficiency. It is observed less frequently.

4. It is a name that describes the last stage of all types of nail fungus. The nail is now thick and distorted.

How is Fungus Diseases Treated ?

Fungal diseases should be treated after a clear diagnosis is made. Treatment varies according to the regions where fungal diseases are seen. Since it is an infectious disease, great attention should be paid to hygiene. Since the fungus can reproduce easily in humid environments, it is necessary to keep the diseased area or areas dry and clean during the treatment. Antifungal drugs, creams and lotions are used according to the characteristics of the lesions. Topical treatments are frequently used. In cases where external drugs are insufficient, systemic treatments are started. The aim of nail fungus treatments is fungal-free nail development. Treating nail fungus can require patience. It should be followed even after the nail has been treated. All these treatment processes need to be managed by a specialist doctor.



Fungus is a highly contagious infection. It can be transmitted from human, animal and soil by direct contact or by contact with the materials where this infection is present. It can easily multiply in any condition where there is not enough hygiene in common areas.


Even if the treatment is successful, fungal diseases can recur. The reasons for the recurrence of nail fungus include advanced age, recurrent trauma to the nails, family history of nail fungus, diabetes, smoking and vascular diseases.


It takes 16-18 months for the toenails to get rid of the fungus and for 4-6 months for the hand nails.

5 views0 comments