What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome ? What causes irritable bowel syndrome ? When should you see a doc?

1.What is irritable bowel syndrome ?

2.what causes irritable bowel syndrom ?

3.What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome ?

4.When should you see a doctor ?

5.What are the factors that trigger irritable bowel syndrome ?

6.How is irritable bowel syndrome treated ?

7.What is good for irritable bowel syndrome ?

8.How to make an irritable bowel syndrome diet ?


What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome ? What causes irritable bowel syndrome ? When should you see a doc?

Irritable Bowel Syndrome


Irritable bowel syndrome is a functional digestive problem that affects the large intestine. It is also called irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), irritable bowel syndrome or spastic colon. It is a common ailment that affects about 15% of the population. Symptoms include abdominal cramping, pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea or constipation, or both. It is a chronic condition whose treatment must be managed in the long term. Symptoms are usually mild and only a few patients have severe signs and symptoms. In most patients, symptoms can be controlled by managing diet, lifestyle, and stress. More severe complaints require medication. IBS does not cause changes in intestinal tissue or increase the risk of colorectal cancer.


What is irritable bowel syndrome ?


Irritable bowel syndrome is one of the conditions known as functional gastrointestinal disorders. In functional digestive problems, there is an abnormality in intestinal functions. However, the tests are normal and there is no detectable structural defect. Irritable bowel syndrome is a disorder seen in young people and is more commonly detected in individuals under the age of 45.


What causes irritable bowel syndrome ?


The exact cause of irritable bowel syndrome is not yet known. But there are several factors that are thought to play a role in its development. Some of those;


-Abnormal contractions of the intestinal muscles. The walls of the intestines are lined with layers of muscle that contract as food passes through the digestive tract. Contractions that last longer than normal can cause gas, bloating and diarrhea. Weak contractions can slow the passage of food, causing hard and dry stools.


-Nervous system abnormalities. Abnormalities in the nerves in the digestive tract can cause greater-than-normal discomfort when the abdomen is stretched due to gas or stool. Poorly coordinated signals between the brain and gut can cause the body to overreact to changes in the digestive process, resulting in symptoms such as pain, diarrhea or constipation.


-Inflammation in the intestines. Some patients have more than normal immune system cells in their gut. An excessive immune system response causes inflammation, causing pain and diarrhea.


-Severe infection. Irritable bowel syndrome can develop after an outbreak of severe diarrhea (gastroenteritis) caused by bacteria or viruses. It may also be associated with excessive bacterial growth as a result of the deterioration of the balance in the bacterial flora in the intestines.


-Changes in the number of beneficial bacteria in the gut (microflora). Microflora are beneficial bacteria found in the intestines that play a key role in health. In studies, disturbances in microflora were found in patients with spastic colon disease.


What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome ? What causes irritable bowel syndrome ? When should you see a doc?

What are the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome ?


The symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome are variable and create a picture of different severity in each patient. Among the most common symptoms are;


-Abdominal pain, cramping, or bloating that typically disappears completely or partially after defecation

-Excessive gas

-Diarrhea or constipation: In some patients, successive bouts of diarrhea and constipation

-Mucus in stool

-Patients with irritable bowel syndrome sometimes experience attacks in which symptoms and complaints are worse and periods of rest when they disappear completely.


When should you see a doctor ?


It is recommended that patients who develop a permanent change in bowel habits or symptoms of IBS see a doctor. This is because these signs may be indicative of a more serious condition, such as colon cancer. If there are the following symptoms, it is absolutely necessary to apply to a health institution for further examination:


-Weight loss

-Diarrhea at night

-Rectal bleeding

-Iron deficiency anemia

-Unexplained vomiting

-Difficulty swallowing

-Abdominal pain that does not go away with flatulence or defecation


What are the factors that trigger irritable bowel syndrome ?


The discomfort may flare up due to certain factors. Factors that can trigger spastic colon include:


-Some foods.

-The role of food allergy or intolerance in IBS is not fully understood.

-A true food allergy rarely causes irritable bowel syndrome. However, many people describe an exacerbation of symptoms after consuming certain foods or beverages, including wheat, citrus, beans, cabbage, sodas, milk and dairy products.

-Stress. Most people with irritable bowel syndrome experience more severe or more frequent symptoms during times of increased stress. Although stress may increase the severity of complaints, it is not the direct cause of the disease.

-Hormones. It is two times more common in women than men. This suggests that hormones are effective in triggering the disease. In many women, the exacerbation of symptoms during or before the menstrual period also supports this situation.


What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome ? What causes irritable bowel syndrome ? When should you see a doc?

What are the risk factors for irritable bowel syndrome ?


Many people experience symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome from time to time. However, some risk groups are more likely to have the disease. In this group;


-It is more common in young people. The incidence in individuals under the age of 50 is twice that of those over the age of 50.

-It is more common in women than men.

-It is more common in those with a family history of spastic colon. This indicates that genetic factors play a role in the disease.

-It is more common in people with mental health problems. Psychiatric problems such as anxiety and depression increase the risk of irritable bowel syndrome. The frequency also increases in those with a history of sexual, physical, or emotional abuse.


How is irritable bowel syndrome treated ?


In almost all patients, it is possible to control symptoms with treatment. But there is no one treatment method that works for everyone. It is important to work with the doctor to find the right treatment plan for the patient. In the treatment, lifestyle changes such as avoiding the factors that trigger the symptoms, creating a healthy diet and exercising are at the forefront. In addition, some drugs can be used;


-Antispasmodic medications relieve abdominal cramps and pain by relaxing the muscles in the gut.

-Bulk-forming laxatives can be used to treat constipation.

-Medications that slow down the contractions of the intestinal muscles can be used for diarrhea.

-Tricyclic antidepressants often help reduce abdominal pain and cramps.


In women, drugs called alosetron for severe diarrhea and predominant IBS, and lubiprostone for constipation-predominant IBS can be used. They are used as a last resort treatment option when other lifestyle or therapeutic interventions have failed. Various psychotherapy methods can also be used successfully in treatment.


What is good for irritable bowel syndrome ?


Usually, diet is good for irritable bowel syndrome, with a few basic changes in activities. Some tips that are good for complaints and can help reduce symptoms can be listed as follows;


-Fibrous foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts are good for the constipation seen in IBS.

-Eating small and frequent meals is effective in alleviating complaints.

-Eating food slowly, chewing for a long time is good for gas complaints.

-Regular exercise helps to cope with stress by increasing the release of endorphins and serotonin, known as happiness hormones. Thus, a decrease in the symptoms triggered by stress is observed.


How to make an irritable bowel syndrome diet ?


There is no special diet that can be applied to everyone for irritable bowel syndrome. But there are practices that can be done to control the symptoms of the disease.


-It is beneficial to prepare food at home with fresh ingredients.

-Patients can identify trigger foods by writing down the foods they eat and their symptoms.

-Thus, they can get relief in symptoms by avoiding related foods.

Probiotics such as homemade sauerkraut, homemade yogurt, tarhana can be effective.

-Since fast food can increase complaints, food should be chewed thoroughly and eaten slowly.

-Regular consumption of oats and flaxseed can relieve symptoms.

-Digestible foods such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, beans, onions, dried fruits should be reduced.

-Any food and drink containing a sweetener called sorbitol should be avoided.

-If diarrhea is prominent, high-fiber foods such as brown bread, brown rice, nuts and legumes should be restricted.

-If there is constipation, plenty of fluids should be taken and fibrous foods should be given weight.

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