What is Laryngitis ?
Sound is called the sound conversion of the air coming out of the lungs by the vocal cords. Laryngitis occurs as a result of inflammation or irritation of the larynx, which is popularly called the larynx or voice box.
In this case, it makes it difficult for the person to breathe and at the same time causes a hoarse voice and sore throat when talking or swallowing. Inflammation in the throat is usually dismissed as a temporary, short-term and non-serious condition. However, long-term damage can occur if the vocal cords (two bands of smooth muscle tissue) are damaged by overuse in inflammation.
Likewise, if hoarseness and inflammation persist for more than two to three weeks, contact your doctor. It may indicate that you have a more serious health condition.
The air exhaled from the lungs allows the vocal cords in the appropriate position to produce sound when the person wants to make a sound, and this provides our "speech ability", which is one of the most important parts of our daily life.
Edema of the vocal cords in laryngitis causes changes in the voice and pain associated with laryngitis.As there are many factors that can cause laryngitis (flu, cold, etc.), it can also occur due to aging.
Some conditions that can cause laryngitis are;
-Viral or bacterial respiratory infection
-Reflux disease (GERD)
-They are allergies.
The most common diseases that cause laryngitis are diseases related to the upper respiratory tract such as sinusitis, colds, colds and flu. The symptoms of laryngitis are as follows;
-Chronic, phlegm-free cough or a constant feeling of needing to clear the throat
-Feeling of lump in throat
Your doctor will listen to your medical history, perform a physical examination, and diagnose laryngitis based on the findings. In some patients, some tests may be requested to find the underlying cause of chronic laryngitis or to rule out other possibilities:
It is the examination of the larynx and vocal cords through the mouth using a thin, optical endoscope. During these examinations, structures such as polyps and tumors that may be in the larynx can also be seen.
Fiber Optic Laryngoscopy
It is the laryngoscopy procedure performed by means of a flexible tube.
Your doctor may perform a biopsy (small tissue samples) using forceps (tiny tweezers) passed through the endoscope. A pathologist will examine the sample to determine if the tissues are abnormal.
Most cases of laryngitis get better on their own in a week or two. If laryngitis becomes chronic, your doctor may recommend a combination of medication and lifestyle changes to treat your symptoms. Treatment may include:
-Antibiotics for bacterial infection
-Some drugs to relieve edema and inflammation
-Stomach acidity regulators for gastroesophageal reflux disease (reflux)
-Some medications to stop postnasal drip
In addition, some lifestyle changes can speed up the healing process:
-Quitting smoking and avoiding secondhand smoke
-Avoiding alcohol and caffeine
-Avoiding spicy foods or other triggers of reflux
-Drinking lots of water
-Humidify your home